LERMA UMR8112

Laboratoire d’Études du Rayonnement et de la Matière en Astrophysique et Atmosphères



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Software Engineering

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The software products are considered as ‘virtual’ instruments

The software products can be considered as ‘virtual’ instruments:

On one hand the software is a fundamental component (as hardware and/or sensors) for the core functioning of modern instruments (e.g. Lofar, Alma, CTA). In this context, our group developed the Alma Science Data model.

On the other hand, we participate in the International Virtual Observatory (VO) activities: in much the same way as a real observatory consists of telescopes and surveys, each with a collection of unique astronomical instruments, the VO consists of a collection of data centres each with unique collections of astronomical data, software systems and processing capabilities. The main goal is to allow transparent and distributed access to data available worldwide. This allows scientists to discover, access, analyze, and combine nature/laboratory or theoretical data from heterogeneous producers. In our group we develop and agree with the International Virtual Observatory Alliance the vital interoperability standards upon which the VO is constructed. We also participate in the implementation of the defined standards. In this context we participate in the definition of the Simulation Data Model (for storing in a unified way the results coming theoretical simulations, http://www.ivoa.net/documents/SimDM/20120503/html/SimDM.html) and completely lead the definition of the Parameter Description Language Standard (a new standard allowing a form of interoperability based on scientific and semantics properties and permitting complex scientific workflows, http://www.ivoa.net/document /PDL/20140213/index.html).

Our group is indeed involved in all the aspects and problems related to the data lifecycle: production consolidation, data storage and perpetuation, diffusion and sharing.

Séminaires à venir

Vendredi 23 octobre 2020, 14h00
téléconférence Zoom,
The role of molecular filaments in the origin of the IMF
Philippe ANDRÉ
CEA, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique AIM Paris-Saclay
résumé :
The origin of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is one of the most debated
issues in astrophysics. I will discuss new insights into this problem based on a systematic census of prestellar cores and molecular filaments in nearby clouds taken as part of the Herschel Gould Belt survey, as well as higher-resolution observations with APEX/ArTéMiS and ALMA. Our results point to the key role of the quasi-universal filamentary structure pervading molecular clouds. They suggest that the dense cores making up the peak of the prestellar core mass function (CMF) - and indirectly the peak of the IMF - result from gravitational fragmentation of molecular filaments near the critical mass per unit length. The Salpeter power-law tail of the CMF/IMF may be at least partly inherited from the filament line mass function (FLMF), which is observed to follow a Salpeter-like power law in the regime of thermally supercritical filaments.

 
Vendredi 4 décembre 2020, 14h00
via Zoom, Paris
Simulating galaxies at high resolution in their cosmological context with NewHorizon: methods and some key results on galaxy properties and their morphology
Yohan DUBOIS
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
résumé :
Hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are increasing their level of realism by considering more physical processes, having more resolution or larger statistics. However, one usually has to either sacrifice the statistical power of such simulations or the resolution reach within galaxies. I will introduce the NewHorizon project where a zoom-in region of ~(16 Mpc)^3, larger than a standard zoom-in region around a single halo, embedded in a larger box is simulated at high resolution. A resolution of up to 34 pc, typical of individual zoom-in state-of-the-art resimulated halos is reached within galaxies, allowing the simulation to capture the multi-phase nature of the interstellar medium and the clumpy nature of the star formation process in galaxies. I will present and discuss several key fundamental properties of galaxies and of their black holes. Due to its exquisite spatial resolution, NewHorizon captures the inefficient process of star formation in galaxies, which evolve over time from being more turbulent, gas-rich and star-bursting at high redshift. These high redshift galaxies are also more compact, and are more elliptical, disturbed and clumpier until the level of internal gas turbulence decays enough to allow for the formation of stable rotating discs. I will show the origin and persistence of the thin and thick disc components, and explain why the settling of discs ``magically’’ occurs at around a stellar mass of 1e10 Msun.

 
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